6. Intra-operator SMS Messages
If both you and your friend are using the mobile phone service of the same wireless network operator, the transmission of an SMS message from you to your friend will involve only one wireless network operator. This SMS message is called an intra-operator SMS message.
Typically, the cost for sending an intra-operator SMS message from a mobile phone is lower than that for sending other kinds of SMS messages such as inter-operator SMS messages. Some wireless network operators allow their subscribers to send unlimited intra-operator SMS messages free of charge.
6.1. Transmission Process of Intra-operator SMS Messages
The transmission of an intra-operator SMS message involves only one SMS center. After leaving the sender, the intra-operator SMS message reaches the SMS center. The SMS center then delivers the SMS message to the recipient mobile phone. If the recipient mobile phone is offline, the SMS center stores the SMS message. It will deliver the SMS message when the recipient mobile phone is online. If the SMS message's validity period expires and the recipient mobile phone is still offline, the SMS center will remove the SMS message.
When the SMS center receives the message delivery report from the recipient mobile phone or removes the SMS message (for example, when the validity period expires), it sends a status report to the sender if the sender requested one earlier.
The following figure illustrates the transmission process of an intra-operator SMS message:
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- 1. Introduction to SMS Messaging
- 2. What Makes SMS Messaging So Successful Worldwide?
- 3. Example Applications of SMS Messaging
- 4. What is an SMS Center / SMSC?
- 5. Basic Concepts of SMS Technology
- 6. Intra-operator SMS Messages
- 7. Inter-operator SMS Messages
- 8. International SMS Messages
- 9. What is an SMS Gateway?
- 10. How to Send SMS Messages from a Computer / PC?
- 11. How to Receive SMS Messages Using a Computer / PC?
- 12. Introduction to GSM / GPRS Wireless Modems
- 13. How to Use Microsoft HyperTerminal to Send AT Commands to a Mobile Phone or GSM/GPRS Modem?
- 14. Introduction to AT Commands
- 15. General Syntax of Extended AT Commands
- 16. Result Codes of AT Commands
- 17. AT Command Operations: Test, Set, Read and Execution
- 18. Testing the Communication between the PC and GSM/GPRS Modem or Mobile Phone
- 19. Checking if the GSM/GPRS Modem or Mobile Phone Supports the Use of AT Commands to Send, Receive and Read SMS Messages
- 20. Operating Mode: SMS Text Mode and SMS PDU Mode
- 21. Setting or Reading the Service Center Address / SMSC Address (AT+CSCA)
- 22. Preferred Message Storage (AT+CPMS)
- 23. Writing SMS Messages to Memory / Message Storage (AT+CMGW)
- 24. Deleting SMS Messages from Message Storage (AT+CMGD)
- 25. Sending SMS Messages from a Computer / PC Using AT Commands (AT+CMGS, AT+CMSS)
- 26. Reading SMS Messages from a Message Storage Area Using AT Commands (AT+CMGR, AT+CMGL)
- 27. Appendix A: How to Choose an SMS Service Provider (SMS Gateway Provider, SMS Reseller, SMS Broker)?
- 28. Appendix B: Comparison Table of SMS Service Providers (SMS Gateway Providers, SMS Resellers, SMS Brokers)
- 29. Appendix C: Free Software/Tools and Libraries for Sending and Receiving SMS Messages with a Computer / PC
- 30. Appendix D: GSM 7-bit Default Alphabet Table (with Character Codes of ISO 8859 Latin 1)