19.2. Checking if the AT Commands Required for Sending, Receiving and Reading SMS Messages are Supported
The next thing to do is to check if the AT commands required for sending, receiving and reading SMS messages are supported by the mobile phone or GSM/GPRS modem. As pointed out earlier in this SMS tutorial, you can check if a certain AT command is supported by performing a test operation. Simply execute an AT command with "=?" attached at its end. For example, "AT+CMGS=?".
Before we begin the check, let's go through an overview of the AT commands that are required for sending, receiving and reading SMS messages. You will learn which AT commands should be checked and get a general idea about when these AT commands should be used.
19.2.1. Overview of the AT Commands Required
For Sending SMS Messages
To send SMS messages via AT commands, the GSM/GPRS modem or mobile phone has to support either +CMGS (command name in text: Send Message) or +CMSS (command name in text: Send Message from Storage). You may also find +CMGW (command name in text: Write Message to Memory) and +CMGD (command name in text: Delete Message) useful, since they are sometimes used together with +CMSS. +CMSS is used to send an SMS message located in the message storage area. If an SMS message does not exist in the message storage area, you must first use the AT command +CMGW to write the SMS message to the message storage area before you can use the AT command +CMSS to send the SMS message to the SMSC. After message submission, you may use the AT command +CMGD to delete the SMS message to free some space from the message storage area.
For Receiving and Reading SMS Messages
To receive and read SMS messages via AT commands, the GSM/GPRS modem or mobile phone has to support the AT command +CNMI (command name in text: New Message Indications to TE. TE stands for Terminal Equipment, which is the equipment that controls the GSM/GPRS modem or mobile phone. For example, a PC / computer), +CMGL (command name in text: List Messages), or +CMGR (command name in text: Read Messages).
The AT command +CNMI is used to specify how newly arrived SMS messages should be handled. You can tell the GSM/GPRS modem or mobile phone either to forward newly arrived SMS messages directly to the PC, or to save them in message storage and then notify the PC about their locations in message storage.
The AT command +CMGL is used to read all SMS messages that have a certain status (e.g. "received unread", "received read", etc) from the message storage area, while the AT command +CMGR is used to read the SMS message saved at a certain location of the message storage area.
19.2.2. Beginning the Check
Now that you've learned the AT commands required for outbound and inbound SMS messaging are +CMGS, +CMSS, +CNMI, +CMGL and +CMGR. You can begin the check by performing a test operation with each of the AT commands. For example, you can execute the command line "AT+CMGS=?" to check whether +CMGS is supported, like this:
The final result code "OK" indicates the AT command +CMGS is supported. If the GSM/GPRS modem or mobile phone returns the final result code "ERROR", it means the command is not supported.
A quicker way is to copy and paste the following command line to the terminal program and execute it:
As an example, here shows the response returned from my Nokia 6021 to HyperTerminal after the execution of above command line:
The return of the final result code "OK" indicates all AT commands under test are supported. If the final result code "ERROR" is returned, it means one or more AT commands are not supported.
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- 1. Introduction to SMS Messaging
- 2. What Makes SMS Messaging So Successful Worldwide?
- 3. Example Applications of SMS Messaging
- 4. What is an SMS Center / SMSC?
- 5. Basic Concepts of SMS Technology
- 6. Intra-operator SMS Messages
- 7. Inter-operator SMS Messages
- 8. International SMS Messages
- 9. What is an SMS Gateway?
- 10. How to Send SMS Messages from a Computer / PC?
- 11. How to Receive SMS Messages Using a Computer / PC?
- 12. Introduction to GSM / GPRS Wireless Modems
- 13. How to Use Microsoft HyperTerminal to Send AT Commands to a Mobile Phone or GSM/GPRS Modem?
- 14. Introduction to AT Commands
- 15. General Syntax of Extended AT Commands
- 16. Result Codes of AT Commands
- 17. AT Command Operations: Test, Set, Read and Execution
- 18. Testing the Communication between the PC and GSM/GPRS Modem or Mobile Phone
- 19. Checking if the GSM/GPRS Modem or Mobile Phone Supports the Use of AT Commands to Send, Receive and Read SMS Messages
- 20. Operating Mode: SMS Text Mode and SMS PDU Mode
- 21. Setting or Reading the Service Center Address / SMSC Address (AT+CSCA)
- 22. Preferred Message Storage (AT+CPMS)
- 23. Writing SMS Messages to Memory / Message Storage (AT+CMGW)
- 24. Deleting SMS Messages from Message Storage (AT+CMGD)
- 25. Sending SMS Messages from a Computer / PC Using AT Commands (AT+CMGS, AT+CMSS)
- 26. Reading SMS Messages from a Message Storage Area Using AT Commands (AT+CMGR, AT+CMGL)
- 27. Appendix A: How to Choose an SMS Service Provider (SMS Gateway Provider, SMS Reseller, SMS Broker)?
- 28. Appendix B: Comparison Table of SMS Service Providers (SMS Gateway Providers, SMS Resellers, SMS Brokers)
- 29. Appendix C: Free Software/Tools and Libraries for Sending and Receiving SMS Messages with a Computer / PC
- 30. Appendix D: GSM 7-bit Default Alphabet Table (with Character Codes of ISO 8859 Latin 1)