17.2. Set Command -- Changes the Settings Used for Certain Tasks
A set operation changes the settings used by the GSM/GPRS modem or mobile phone for certain tasks. The syntax is:
where command is an AT command and value1 to valueN are the values you want to set. When an AT command is used in the above syntax to perform a set operation, it is called a set command.
Here is an example. The AT command +CSCA (command name in text: Service Centre Address) is used to set the SMSC (SMS center) address for sending SMS messages. It takes two parameters that specify the SMSC address and type of address. To set the SMSC address to +85291234567, enter the following command line in a terminal program such as MS Windows' HyperTerminal:
If the set command runs successfully, the result code "OK" will be returned:
Some AT commands have optional parameters. You can choose not to assign values to them. For example, the second parameter of the +CSCA AT command is optional. If no value is assigned to the second parameter, the GSM/GPRS modem or mobile phone will use the default parameter value, which is 145 if the SMSC address starts with "+" (the plus character). Hence, this command line:
is equivalent to:
Typically the values you specified with set commands are placed in volatile memory. If the GSM/GPRS modem or mobile phone is switched off or rebooted, the values you specified with set commands will be gone. When the GSM/GPRS modem or mobile phone is powered on again, all settings are back to the defaults.
For some commonly used settings, there are AT commands for saving/restoring the settings to/from non-volatile memory. For example, the AT commands +CSAS (command name in text: Save Settings) and +CRES (command name in text: Restore Settings) can be used to save and restore settings related to SMS messaging such as the SMS center address.
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- 1. Introduction to SMS Messaging
- 2. What Makes SMS Messaging So Successful Worldwide?
- 3. Example Applications of SMS Messaging
- 4. What is an SMS Center / SMSC?
- 5. Basic Concepts of SMS Technology
- 6. Intra-operator SMS Messages
- 7. Inter-operator SMS Messages
- 8. International SMS Messages
- 9. What is an SMS Gateway?
- 10. How to Send SMS Messages from a Computer / PC?
- 11. How to Receive SMS Messages Using a Computer / PC?
- 12. Introduction to GSM / GPRS Wireless Modems
- 13. How to Use Microsoft HyperTerminal to Send AT Commands to a Mobile Phone or GSM/GPRS Modem?
- 14. Introduction to AT Commands
- 15. General Syntax of Extended AT Commands
- 16. Result Codes of AT Commands
- 17. AT Command Operations: Test, Set, Read and Execution
- 18. Testing the Communication between the PC and GSM/GPRS Modem or Mobile Phone
- 19. Checking if the GSM/GPRS Modem or Mobile Phone Supports the Use of AT Commands to Send, Receive and Read SMS Messages
- 20. Operating Mode: SMS Text Mode and SMS PDU Mode
- 21. Setting or Reading the Service Center Address / SMSC Address (AT+CSCA)
- 22. Preferred Message Storage (AT+CPMS)
- 23. Writing SMS Messages to Memory / Message Storage (AT+CMGW)
- 24. Deleting SMS Messages from Message Storage (AT+CMGD)
- 25. Sending SMS Messages from a Computer / PC Using AT Commands (AT+CMGS, AT+CMSS)
- 26. Reading SMS Messages from a Message Storage Area Using AT Commands (AT+CMGR, AT+CMGL)
- 27. Appendix A: How to Choose an SMS Service Provider (SMS Gateway Provider, SMS Reseller, SMS Broker)?
- 28. Appendix B: Comparison Table of SMS Service Providers (SMS Gateway Providers, SMS Resellers, SMS Brokers)
- 29. Appendix C: Free Software/Tools and Libraries for Sending and Receiving SMS Messages with a Computer / PC
- 30. Appendix D: GSM 7-bit Default Alphabet Table (with Character Codes of ISO 8859 Latin 1)